Sudan military reinstate PM Abdalla Hamdok.

Sudan’s military reinstated Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok on Sunday and promised to release all political detainees after weeks of deadly unrest triggered by a coup, though large crowds took to the streets to reject any deal involving the army.

Abdalla Hamdok Sudan PM.

Under an agreement signed with military leader General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Hamdok, first appointed after the overthrow of autocrat Omar al-Bashir in a 2019 uprising, will lead a civilian government of technocrats for a transitional period.

The deal faces opposition from pro-democracy groups that have demanded full civilian rule ever since Bashir was ousted and have been angered by the deaths of dozens protesters in the weeks following the October 25 coup.

A hero for the protest movement, Hamdok quickly became the villain for some.

Hamdok has sold the revolution, protesters chanted after the deal was announced. The Sudanese Professionals Association, a leading protest group, called it “treacherous”.

Tens of thousands of people joined scheduled rallies in the capital Khartoum and its twin cities of Omdurman and Bahri. Security forces fired bullets and tear gas to disperse them, witnesses said. A 16-year-old protester in Omdurman died from a bullet wound, the Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors said.

The coup triggered mass demonstrations against the military and medics aligned with the protest movement say security forces have killed 41 civilians in increasingly violent crackdowns.

Hamdok said he had agreed to the deal to prevent more casualties. “Sudanese blood is precious, let us stop the bloodshed and direct the youth’s energy into building and development,” he said at a signing ceremony broadcast on state television.

By oneworldvisionnews

Lunar eclipse observed in Japan as reported.

People across Japan observed an almost-total lunar eclipse on Friday evening.

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned so that the Moon passes into the Earth’s shadow.

Shortly after 6 p.m. Japan time, about 98 percent of the Moon’s diameter was covered.

The phenomenon was visible around the country. An event to observe it was held on the roof of a 230-meter tall building in Tokyo’s Shibuya ward.

A number of people watched the phenomenon through telescopes and took photos.

At the climax, almost the entire Moon appeared dark red, while the tiny section of it that was not covered by the Earth remained a glowing white.

A 7-year-old boy said that he saw the Moon through a telescope for the first time, and it was a beautiful red color.

A woman in her 40s who has observed lunar eclipses before said that this time, the Moon appeared between the clouds, and it was beautiful and mysterious.

The lunar eclipse ended shortly before 8 p.m.

The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan says the next lunar eclipse that can be seen in the country will be a total eclipse on November 8 of next year.

By oneworldvisionnews

Iran revolutionary guard intercepted a foreign vessel filled with diesel.

Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said on Saturday they had seized a foreign ship in Gulf waters loaded with what they described as smuggled diesel.

Guards commander Ahmad Hajian said the ship’s 11 crew had been detained, but did not give details on their nationality or identify the ship.

After inspection, more than 150,000 litres of smuggled diesel were discovered,” Iran’s state broadcaster quoted Hajian as saying.

 The semi-official Fars news agency, which is close to the Revolutionary Guards, released video footage showing speed-boats intercepting a vessel and masked armed Guards boarding it.

 Iran, which has some of the world’s cheapest fuel prices because of heavy subsidies and the fall of its national currency as it faces US sanctions, has been fighting fuel smuggling by land to neighbouring countries and by sea to Gulf Arab states.

 It has frequently seized boats it says are being used for smuggling fuel in the Gulf.

Hajian said his unit would “deal decisively” with fuel smuggling in the sea to protect Iran’s economy.

Earlier, the official Irna news agency released a photo of what it said was a “foreign vessel carrying bootleg fuel” seized in the Gulf.

Thousands of farmers and their supporters gathered in the central Iranian city of Isfahan on Friday, state TV reported, in a major protest over water shortages in the drought-stricken region.

Let Isfahan breathe again, revive Zayandeh Rud,” chanted some of the demonstrators in a video posted on social media as crowds gathered in the dry bed of the river where protesting farmers have set up a tent city. “Our children want water to provide food for your children,” read a sign carried by a woman.

 Iran’s energy minister apologised for the water shortages. “I apologise to all of our dear farmers, and I feel ashamed for not being able to provide the water needed for their crops. With God’s help, I hope we can overcome these shortcomings in the next few months, Ali Akbar Mehrabian told state TV.

By oneworldvisionnews

Poland accused Belarus on Sunday of continuing to ferry migrants to its border.

Poland accused Belarus on Sunday of continuing to ferry migrants to its border, despite clearing camps close to the frontier earlier this week, as Polish premier Mateusz Morawiecki toured Baltic states to seek support in the crisis.

Europe accuses Belarus of flying in thousands of people from West Asia and pushing them to cross into the European Union, which has been at odds with Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko since a disputed election last year.

Minsk, which denies fomenting the crisis, cleared a migrant camp near the border on Thursday and started to repatriate some people to Iraq in an apparent change in tack in the conflict that has mushroomed into a major East-West confrontation.

Yet Poland says Minsk continues to truck hundreds of migrants to the frontier, where about 10 migrants are believed to have died with a frigid winter setting in.

On Saturday a group of about 100 very aggressive foreigners, brought to the border by Belarusian servicemen, tried to enter Poland by force. (Polish) services prevented the crossing,” the border guard said on Twitter on Sunday.

There had been 208 attempts by migrants to force their way into Poland from Belarus on Saturday, the border guard said, a few more than on Friday but well below the 501 attempts recorded on Wednesday.

Neighbouring Lithuania said 44 migrants were prevented from entering on Saturday, the lowest number in a week.

A dozen migrants from Iraq, speaking with Lithuanian news portal DELFI over the border with Belarus on Saturday, said they were forcibly brought there in military trucks by Belarus officials, who ignored their wish to go back to Iraq.

Poland’s Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki visited Estonia and Lithuania on Sunday to discuss the crisis with his counterparts from the Baltic states. He will travel to Latvia later in the day.

“Today, on Poland’s eastern border, we are dealing with a new type of war, a war in which migrants are weapons, in which disinformation is a weapon, a hybrid war,” Morawiecki said in Estonian capital Tallinn

By oneworldvisionnews

Thousands rally against covid-19 restriction in Melbourne and other cities in Australia.

Thousands rallied in Melbourne and other Australian cities on Saturday to protest pandemic restrictions and vaccine mandates.

In Melbourne, the capital of Victoria state, protesters gathered outside the state parliament and marched through the central business district. They waved Australian flags, chanting, “No more mandates” and “Kill the bill”.

It was the latest demonstration after a week of escalating protests over a contentious pandemic powers bill that the state government is seeking to pass within the next month.

The bill would replace a state of emergency that is set to lapse on December 15, allowing officials to continue enforcing restrictions related to lockdowns, masking requirements and vaccination mandates.

It would also allow the state government to make new pandemic orders that it determines would help protect public health. The Opposition Liberal Party and some legal and rights groups have raised concerns about the bill’s broad scope.

Over the past week, protesters have camped outside Victoria’s Capitol as the government negotiated passage of the bill. Lawmakers who support the bill have reported receiving death threats and being targets of abuse.

The protests on Saturday also targeted vaccination requirements. Although Australia has no broad vaccine mandate, individual states have introduced mandatory vaccination for some workers, including those in construction, education and health care. In Victoria, unvaccinated people are not allowed to eat in restaurants or to visit shops unless they are buying essential goods like food and medicine.

Pro-vaccination campaigners staged a smaller demonstration in Melbourne’s central business district on Saturday. The police kept the two groups apart.

Anti-vaccine crowds also gathered in Adelaide, Brisbane and Sydney, the country’s biggest city.

Among those gathered in Sydney was Craig Kelly, a federal lawmaker who quit the governing Liberal Party this year after facing criticism from Prime Minister Scott Morrison for spreading anti-vaccination misinformation and promoting unproven coronavirus treatments.

On Saturday, he addressed thousands of anti-vaccination protesters at a park in Sydney’s central business district.

By oneworldvisionnews.

Melbourne rally.
Melbourne rally

U.S President Joe Biden fit for duty says physician..

US President Joe Biden, who underwent a physical examination and colonoscopy on Friday, remains fit for duty and able to execute his responsibilities without any accommodations, his physician said in letter released by the White House.

“President Biden remains a healthy, vigorous, 78-year-old male, who is fit to successfully execute the duties of the president, to include those as chief executive,head of state and commander in chief, Dr Kevin O’Connor, the President’s physician wrote in his summary.

O’Connor said the colonoscopy found a polyp that appeared to be benign and was easily removed.

Histologic evaluation is anticipated to be completed early next week, the physician said. The President has never had colon cancer.”

O’Connor highlighted two areas that he said deserved investigation, specifically Biden’s recent “throat clearing, and what he described as a stiffened gait.

O’Connor wrote that Biden is experiencing “throat clearing, with “increasing frequency and severity, and said that he attributed it to a digestive disorder known as gastroesophageal reflux, or GERD.

O’Connor noted Biden’s broken foot he suffered roughly a year ago could contribute to the awkward walk, but he more broadly said Biden was dealing with spinal arthritis and “peripheral neuropathy, or some loss of sensation in the feet.

The President’s gait appears to be perceptibly stiffer and less fluid than it has been in the past. He does specifically acknowledge early morning stiffness that improves throughout the day, the doctor said.

 The document contained a detailed accounting of the physical exam, including his height of 5 feet 11.65 inches; his weight of 184 pounds; and his blood pressure of 120/70.

The President takes five medications, O’Connor wrote, including Crestor to address high cholesterol; Dymista nasal spray for allergies; Allegra for allergies; Eliquis as a blood thinner; and Pepcid to treat GERD.

 The last extensive update on Biden’s medical state came in December 2019, ahead of the presidential campaign, when the same doctor described him as “a healthy, vigorous, 77-year-old male, who is fit to successfully execute the duties of the Presidency”.

 Biden, who turns 79 on Saturday, received a routine colonoscopy on Friday.

The process, which required anaesthesia, meant that he temporarily transferred power to Vice-President Kamala Harris.

Afghan farmers turn to opium.

Abdul Hamid’s pomegranate trees were scarred from bullets and shrapnel. The river was low and the land dry. There was no profit anymore from the fruit that made his district in southern Afghanistan so renowned for something other than war.

So this month, Hamid’s field hands began destroying his 800 or so pomegranate trees in Kandahar’s Arghandab district. He looked on as the century-old orchard was turned into a graveyard of twisted trunks, discarded fruit and churned earth.

There’s no water, no good crops,” Hamid, 80, said, the steady burp of a chain saw drowning out his bleak assessment. The lack of rain and diminishing well water had made it nearly impossible to irrigate the trees year-round, leaving portions of this year’s harvest burned from dehydration. The Taliban’s military campaign over the last year didn’t help.
The decision to destroy his entire orchard is one Hamid and many other Afghans farmers in the district are making to earn an income after a series of devastating harvest seasons. A crippling drought, financial hardships and unpredictable border closures at the war’s end have sent them scrambling for the security of the region’s most reliable economic engine: growing opium poppy.

One orchard-turned-poppy field means little on the broader scale of Afghanistan’s opium output, the largest in the world, accounting for more than 80 per cent of the world’s supply, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

But what is happening in Arghandab and elsewhere in Afghanistan, in the middle of a dire economic collapse that has led to a nationwide cash crunch, may have ramifications for the drug’s production and trafficking across Afghanistan. Many fear that this season is an early warning of much higher cultivation in the future.
“Next year you will see poppy crops,” said Mohammed Omar, 54, another pomegranate farmer as he strutted through his orchard, hands clasped behind his back. His field hands pulled the season’s last remaining fruit from the spiny branches above. “There’s nothing else.”

In Arghandab, a district northwest of Kandahar city and bisected by a meandering river of the same name, the pomegranate is undoubtedly the pride of southern Afghanistan, and long a valuable export. Farmers whose families have worked the orchards for most of remembered time, mark their hauls so buyers and exporters know from where it came.
The red fruit is traditionally exported to Pakistan, India and sometimes the Gulf, but recent border restrictions and airport closures following the Taliban’s seizure of power have made trade extremely difficult. The border with Pakistan is sometimes closed and sometimes open, a fitful pattern that antagonises the Afghan pomegranate farmers and buyers to no end as they try to time their harvest, sales and exports.

In October last year, a Taliban offensive pierced into the heart of the district in the middle of the harvest, with government and Taliban front lines arrayed along the river. Insurgent homemade explosives littered the orchards, killing farmers who ventured within to tend to their crops. The fighting cut off important roads, preventing fruit from making it to market.

Pomegranates died on their branches as field hands waited for the airstrikes and mortars and bursts of machine gun fire to stop.
“Whole gardens were destroyed by airstrikes and mortars,” he noted. “I feel sad, watching the beauty of this garden destroyed.”

At nearly 80, Lewanai Agha, has harvested pomegranates his entire life. He kept on while also fighting in the Soviet war in the 1980s as an insurgent, surviving the civil war and the rise of the Taliban in the 1990s and the failed US invasion that began in 2001. But this last year was the one that broke him, he said.

In 2019, Agha made roughly $9,300. In 2020: about $620, though then he was still able to keep a cheerful demeanour despite the violent Taliban offensive that tore through his orchard. This year, Agha, surveying just two mounds of pomegranates, spoke defeatedly, staring at the ground. That was his entire harvest, he said, and next year there will likely be poppy stalks in a portion of this orchard.

“We have been left in misery by all,”  Agha said. Six members of his family were killed during the fighting in the months since the last harvest. “Eat a pomegranate and leave everything behind, it’s not worth talking about.”

“Farmers are rational actors,” said Dr David Mansfield, an expert on illicit economies. “They can see the increased risks of continuing to cultivate pomegranate.”
It was as if Agha and Arghandab itself had finally been defeated after enduring decades of abuse. Wells now need to be deepened. Orchards and fields had to be cleared of improvised explosive devices. Some farmers dispatched flocks of sheep to trigger the bombs, or hired locals. Burned trees were cut and replanted and shell craters filled with dirt.
Hamidullah, 35, a pomegranate buyer, has purchased the fruit from Arghandab’s orchards and shipped them to markets in the city and beyond for the last decade. He quietly observed that “if the situation remains the same, we’re afraid there will be no more trees left in the next few years.”

At another time, the decision to replace portions of his pomegranate orchard may have been unthinkable. But in recent years, Omar had lost thousands of dollars on overhead, such as fuel for his irrigation pumps and field-hand salaries, without a return on those investments.

Enter the Taliban and poppy. The insurgents-turned-rulers have had a complicated relationship with the crop. During their first regime, the Taliban made several half-hearted attempts to restrict opium before altogether banning its cultivation on religious grounds in the late 1990s and in 2000. But after they were toppled by the US, the Taliban dove into the industry, using the illicit profits to fund their insurgency against the most powerful military in the world.

The Taliban in Arghandab district have given farmers a pass to grow the crop given the hardships of the last few seasons, residents say. A few seasons of poppy growth might yield a lower than expected return, explained Hamid. But if the country’s Taliban rulers again clamp down, it will be a cash windfall as supplies dwindle. Or at least that is what he and other poppy farmers are counting on.

By oneworldvisionnews.

Teachers body members who consumed poison during protest against Bengal Gov, joins TMC.

Members of a contractual teachers’ association, including five women who had allegedly consumed poison during a demonstration to protest against their transfers by the West Bengal government under Chief Minister Mamata Banrerjee, joined the ruling Trinamul Congress on Sunday.

Several members of Sikshak Aikya Mukta Mancha (Teachers’ Unity Open Forum) were welcomed to the party by state Education Minister Bratya Basu at a programme in South 24 Parganas’ Diamond Harbour.

Five contractual teachers of the forum had in August allegedly consumed poison while demonstrating before the state education department headquarters in Salt Lake, protesting against their transfers by the government to far-off districts.

They had then alleged that the transfers were linked to their participation in earlier agitations over their demands, including an increase in monthly emoluments.

Several members of the association had earlier held protests at various places including in front of ministers’ residences and even wading a canal behind Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s Kalighat home with placards.

Leader of the organisation, Moidul Islam, against whom the police had slapped a case of incitement to commit suicide, said the state government has assured that it will look into their demands sympathetically.

“We find the Centre’s education policy is more against the interests of teachers and so we have decided to join the Trinamul Congress to fight against it,” he said.

Britain calls for proper framework to tackle Covid-19 pandemic globally.

Britain called on Sunday for international action on the issue of medical devices such as oximeters that work better on people with lighter skin, saying the disparities may have cost lives of ethnic minority patients during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Sajid Javid

Health secretary Sajid Javid said he had commissioned a review of the issue after learning that oximeters, which measure blood oxygen levels and are key to assessing Covid patients, give less accurate readings for patients with darker skin.

This is systemic across the world. This is about a racial bias in some medical instruments. It’s unintentional but it exists and oximeters are a really good example of that,” Javid said during an interview with the BBC.

On whether people may have died of Covid-19 as a result of the flaw, Javid said: “I think possibly yes. I don’t have the full facts.” He said the reason for the discrepancies was that a lot of medical devices, drugs, procedures and textbooks were put together in white majority countries.

“I want to make sure that we do something about it but not just in the UK. This is an international issue so I’m going to work with my counterparts across the world to change this,” said Javid.

He said he had already spoken about the issue to his US counterpart, who was as interested in it as he was.

Javid said he had become aware of the problem after looking into why, in Britain, people from black and other minority ethnic backgrounds had been disproportionately affected by Covid-19.

He said at the height of the early stages of the pandemic, a third of admissions for Covid into ICUs were for ethnic minority patients, which was double their representation in the general population.