Gingivostomatitis is the long name for a condition that results in a very sore mouth. It’s caused by a viral infection and is common in children.

What is gingivostomatitis?

Gingivostomatitis is the long name for a condition that results in a very sore mouth. It’s caused by a viral infection and is common in children. The symptoms can be mild or severe. While it can be disconcerting to see sores in your baby’s mouth – and to know that she hurts – usually there’s no cause for worry.

Most people carry around the viruses that can cause the condition. In fact, your baby’s bout of gingivostomatitis may be her initial infection with the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), which most people pick up in early childhood and carry for the rest of their lives. The initial infection usually goes unnoticed, but if it does make itself known, it does so in the form of gingivostomatitis. (HSV-1 can cause cold sores, too.)

Gingivostomatitis can also be caused by a coxsackie virus, the culprit in hand, foot and mouth disease and herpangina.

Pathophysiology

Herpetic gingivostomatitis originates from a primary infection of HSV-1. The series of events that take place during this infection include replication of the herpes simplex virus, cell lysis and finally, destruction of the mucosal tissue.

HSV-1 can very easily enter and replicate within epidermal and dermal cells through skin or mucosal surfaces which have abrasions. This results in numerous small vesicles or blisters of up to 1-2mm on the oral mucosa, erosions on the lips, eventual hemorrhagic crusting and even ulceration, covered by a yellowish-grey pseudomembrane, surrounded by an erythematous halo.

As the virus continues to replicate and incolulate in great amounts, it can enter autonomic or sensory ganglia, where it travels within axons to reach ganglionic nerve bodies. HSV-1 most commonly infects the trigeminal ganglia, where it remains latent. If reactivated, it presents as herpes labialis, also known as cold sores.

Causes

There are many causes of gingivostomatitis. The most common is viral infections. Other common causes include:

  • Injury or irritation to the mouth or throat
  • Fungal or bacterial infections
  • Irritating foods, such as citrus fruit or spices
  • Irritating chemicals, such as toothpaste or mouthwash
  • Lack of certain vitamins, including vitamins B and C
  • A weakened immune system
  • A systemic infection or disease

Who’s at risk of Gingivostomatitis?

  • Although Gingivostomatitis can affect anyone, it’s most common among young children between 6 months – 5 years. While it’s hard for a parent to see their child in pain, there’s generally no reason to worry about the infection itself, regardless of its cause.
  • On the rare occasion that hospitalization is required, it tends to be a result of dehydration as the pain and swelling in a severe case can make little ones less inclined to eat or drink. Reach out to your doctor if your child has gone for more than 6 hours without a wet diaper!
  • Very rarely, if the case of gingivostomatitis is caused by the HSV-1 virus, a complication may occur if the child gets some of the fluids from a cold sore into her eye, resulting in an infection of the cornea called Herpes Simplex Keratitis.
  • If your child has gingivostomatitis and you notice their eyes have gotten red and watery and particularly sensitive to light, schedule a visit with your doctor as soon as possible. This complication can cause lasting damage to the affected eyes if not managed.

What are the symptoms of gingivostomatitis?

Symptoms of gingivostomatitis can vary in seriousness. You may feel minor discomfort, or experience severe pain and mouth tenderness. Symptoms of gingivostomatitis may include:

  • Tender sores on the gums or insides of cheeks (like canker sores, they are grayish or yellow on the outside and red in the center)
  • Bad breath
  • Fever
  • Swollen, bleeding gums
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Drooling, especially in young children
  • A general feeling of being unwell (malaise)
  • Difficulty eating or drinking due to mouth discomfort, and in children a refusal to eat or drink

Complications of gingivostomatitis

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)

  • Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) can lead to gingivostomatitis. This virus usually isn’t serious, but it can cause complications in babies and those with weakened immune systems.
  • The HSV-1 virus can also spread to the eyes, where it can infect the corneas. This condition is called herpes simplex keratitis (HSK).
  • You should always wash your hands after touching a cold sore, as the virus can easily spread to the eyes. Along with pain and discomfort, HSK can cause permanent eye damage, even blindness. Symptoms of HSK include watery, red eyes and sensitivity to light.
  • HSV-1 can also transfer to the genitals through oral sex when mouth sores are present. Most cases of genital herpes are due to HSV-2. Painful genital sores are the hallmark of HSV-2. It’s highly contagious.

Decreased appetite and dehydration

Children with gingivostomatitis sometimes refuse to eat or drink. This can eventually cause dehydration. Symptoms of dehydration include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Dry skin
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Constipation

Parents may notice that their child is sleeping more than usual or isn’t interested in their usual activities. Contact your doctor if you suspect your child has gingivostomatitis and refuses to eat or drink.

How is Gingivostomatitis Diagnosed?

For diagnosing Gingivostomatitis, the physician will first take as detailed history of the patient. This will include any history of being in contact with anyone infected with a herpes virus. A careful inspection of the patient’s mouth will then be conducted which will include the gums tongue, and roof of the mouth. The lesions or blisters then will be examined.

In majority of the cases, a close observation of the lesions is good enough to confirm a diagnosis of Gingivostomatitis. In some cases, the physician may take a swab and send it for further analysis to confirmatively diagnose Gingivostomatitis.

Treatment

Treating gingivostomatitis focuses on providing relief from the painful symptoms and getting rid of the infection.

Standard ways to reduce the discomfort associated with gingivostomatitis include:

  • Taking over-the-counter pain relievers, as directed
  • Rinsing the mouth with a saltwater solution (1/2 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of warm water)
  • Using medicinal mouthwashes
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Eating soft, bland foods, such as applesauce, mashed bananas, and warm oatmeal, that make eating less painful

A doctor may also prescribe acyclovir, which also helps treat chickenpox, herpes simplex, and shingles. Studies have found that the use of acyclovir:

  • Shortened the duration of symptoms by 20–50 percent
  • Led to more rapid healing of sores
  • Helped people return to regular eating and drinking habits faster

Symptoms of gingivostomatitis usually disappear without medical treatment within 1 to 2 weeks, but the infection may recur.

People also need to take steps to prevent the spread of gingivostomatitis, particularly among young children.

The condition spreads through saliva and by touching the sores, so it is sensible to try to avoid close contact with infected people, and not to allow children with gingivostomatitis to share toys or personal items.

How to prevent gingivostomatitis?

Taking care of your teeth and gums may decrease your risk of getting gingivostomatitis. Healthy gums are pink with no sores or lesions. Good oral hygiene basics include:

  • Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, especially after eating and before going to sleep
  • Flossing daily
  • Getting your teeth professionally examined and cleaned by a dentist every six months
  • Keeping mouth pieces (dentures, retainers, musical instruments) clean to prevent bacteria growth

To avoid the HSV-1 virus that can cause gingivostomatitis, avoid kissing or touching the face of a person who is infected. Do not share makeup, razors, or silverware with them.

Frequently washing your hands is the best way to avoid the coxsackievirus. This is especially important after using public toilets or changing a baby’s diaper and before eating or preparing meals. It’s also important to educate children about the importance of proper hand washing.

Terrible: At least 18 persons have been reportedly kidnapped by terrorist in Angwar Zalla Udawa under Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State.

Oneworld news line gathered that, at least 18 persons have been kidnapped by terrorist and perdon one was shot dead in Angwar Zalla Udawa under Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State.

It was learnt tha the terrorist invaded a village along the Kaduna-Birnin Gwari Highway on Sunday morning and kidnapped the victims, and shot dead one.

The village youth leader, Mallam Hamisu, said that the terrorist took them unaware he added.

He stated that the gunmen invade the village and started shooting sporadically.

This lead to people running helter scelter for safety, one of the residents was shot dead immediately and those who were unable to run were taken away by the terrorist he said.

Married women, and young ladies were among those abducted by the killer bandits He stated.

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Fact checkers reveal that Seven traditional leaders were abducted by unknown gunmen in December.

According to a report by fact checkers, It shows that seven traditional rulers and their family members have been abducted within the Country in the past two weeks, fact checkers reveal this.

Fact Checkers have said in their article that between December 15 and 31, unknown kidnappers attacked traditional leaders in different parts of the country, including the (South—East and South –West.) According to report

It further reveals that some were the traditional leaders were abducted and forced to pay huge ransoms to regain their freedom, while others were killed.

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Myopia, otherwise known as short-sightedness, is a common eye condition that causes objects in the distance to appear blurred while close objects are often seen clearly.

Definition

Myopia, otherwise known as short-sightedness, is a common eye condition that causes objects in the distance to appear blurred while close objects are often seen clearly. It occurs when the eye has too much focusing power, either due to the eye being too long or the cornea being more curved than usual making the eye too strong. As a result, when someone with short-sightedness tries to look at distant objects, the rays of light are focused in front of the retina, rather than directly onto it, causing the appearance of those objects to become blurred.

Types of Myopia

It is broadly classified into Two Types:

  • Clinical Classifications
  • Etiological Classifications

Based on the clinical classifications it can be sub-classified into following:

  • Congenital Myopia is a type of myopia which is present since birth, though usually diagnosed in 2-3 years of age.
  • Simple or Development myopia is a commonest type of myopia. It is usually a physiological error and not associated with any other diseases. Its starts from young age and may persistently increase with the age of patient.
  • Pathological Myopia is also known as degenerative/progressive myopia. It is rapidly progressive error which starts in childhood at 5-10 years of age and usually associated with degenerative changes in the Retina. Usually it is associated with heredity. The power is usually more than -5.00 diopter.
  • Acquired Myopia is a condition where Myopia occurred due to some other factors like Drug induced, post-keratitic, post-traumatic, Pseudo-myopia or any other conditions.

Based on Etiological Classifications, it can be subclassified into the following:

  • Axial Myopia: It is due to an increase in the axial length of the eye. Axial length is the anterio-posterior length of the eye of the ball. It is the commonest form of Myopia.
  • Curvatural Myopia: It occurs when the curvature of the cornea or lens or both becomes more steep than normal.
  • Positional Myopia: It is when the lens inside the eye comes forward from its original position.
  • Index Myopia: It occurs when the refractive index of the lens increases due to various reasons, the common reason is nuclear cataract.
  • Pseudo Myopia: When there is excessive accommodation due to prolong near work, transient blurry ness of vision in distance.

Grades of Myopia

Optometrists (also known as opticians) measure the focusing power of your eye in dioptres. This is a technical term for how strong a lens would have to be to correct the focusing of your eye and give you clear vision.

Generally speaking, it is written like this; for example -3.00 dioptres (D). On your glasses or contact lens prescription, a minus sign is used to show that the lens you need corrects for myopia. The higher the number the more short-sighted you are.

  • Mild myopia includes powers up to -3.00 dioptres (D).
  • Moderate myopia, values of -3.00D to -6.00D.
  • High myopia is usually myopia over -6.00D.

Most people with myopia of less than -6.00D don’t develop any further problems. This is sometimes known as simple myopia, meaning that your eyes are healthy and that the blurriness that your myopia causes is easily corrected for with glasses or contact lenses.

Risk factors

High myopia occurs more frequently in people with certain ancestries:

  • Asian
  • Middle Eastern

It is also associated with some genetic conditions and several factors tied to childbirth:

  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
  • Ocular albinism
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Causes of Myopia

  • Spending more time on close work has been linked to development of myopia, such as reading, playing computer games, drawing or using smart phones and tablets
  • Electronic hand held devices are easy for toddlers to use resulting in increased exposure to close work at a younger age
  • It can be hereditary, and a person’s ethnicity and family background can increase the risk
  • Research suggests a link between Asian ethnicity and faster progression of myopia, with higher worldwide prevalence in this group of people
  • A person with one short-sighted parent has three times the risk of developing myopia or six times the risk if both parents are short-sighted
  • Some studies show that children are more likely to be short-sighted if their parents finished high school or went to university
  • Under or over-corrected vision (incorrect glasses, or having no glasses when they are needed) has been shown to promote onset and accelerate progression of myopia

Myopia symptoms

Nearsightedness may develop gradually or quickly. Nearsightedness usually starts between ages 6 and 14 and gets worse until your early twenties, when it often levels off, according to the National Eye Institute.

Symptoms of nearsightedness may include:

  • Distant objects appearing blurry
  • Needing to squint in order to see clearly
  • Headaches
  • Eye strain

Complications

Nearsightedness is associated with a variety of complications from mild to severe, such as:

Reduced quality of life: Uncorrected nearsightedness can affect your quality of life. You might not be able to perform a task as well as you wish. And your limited vision may detract from your enjoyment of day-to-day activities.

Eyestrain: Uncorrected nearsightedness may cause you to squint or strain your eyes to maintain focus. This can lead to eyestrain and headaches.

Impaired safety: Your own safety and that of others may be jeopardized if you have an uncorrected vision problem. This could be especially serious if you are driving a car or operating heavy equipment.

Financial burden: The cost of corrective lenses, eye exams and medical treatments can add up, especially with a chronic condition such as nearsightedness. Vision reduction and vision loss also can affect income potential in some cases.

Other eye problems: Severe nearsightedness puts you at an increased risk of retinal detachment, glaucoma, cataracts and myopic maculopathy damage in the central retinal area. The tissues in long eyeballs are stretched and thinned, causing tears, inflammation, new blood vessels that are weak and bleed easily, and scarring.

Diagnosis and test

  • The test for myopia is the well-known poster with rows of smaller and smaller letters, called the Snellen sight card.
  • You wear a special set of lens frames, and different lenses are inserted until you see properly. This test can also detect astigmatism, in which a cornea that’s irregularly shaped can’t focus sharply at any range.
  • People with myopia (and even people without myopia) often have some degree of astigmatism.

Testing vision using Snellen sight card

Treatment and medications

Glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery can correct myopia.

With myopia, your prescription for glasses or contact lens is a negative number, such as -3.00. The higher the number, the stronger your lenses will be.

Refractive surgery can reduce or even eliminate your dependence on glasses or contact lenses. The most common procedures for myopia are performed with a laser, including:

Photorefractive keratectomy: Also called PRK, a laser is used to remove a layer of corneal tissue, which flattens the cornea and allows light rays to focus closer to or even on the retina.

Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis: Commonly called LASIK, a laser is used to cut a flap through the top of the cornea, a laser removes some corneal tissue, then the flap is dropped back into place. LASIK is the most common surgery used to correct nearsightedness.

Corneal rings: Plastic corneal rings, called Intacs, are implanted into the eye to alter the shape of the cornea. One advantage of the rings is that they may be left in place permanently, may be removed in case of a problem, or adjusted should a prescription change be necessary.

Ortho-k or CRT: Another option for treating myopia is orthokeratology (ortho-k), also known as corneal refractive therapy (CRT). In this nonsurgical procedure, you wear a series of specially designed rigid contact lenses to gradually reshape the curvature of your cornea, the front outer surface of the eye. The lenses place pressure on the cornea to flatten it. This changes how light entering the eye is focused. You wear the contact lenses for limited periods, such as overnight, and then remove them. People with mild myopia may be able to temporarily obtain clear vision for most of their daily activities.

Vision therapy for people with stress-related myopia: Vision therapy is an option for people whose blurred distance vision is caused by a spasm of the muscles that control eye focusing. Various eye exercises can improve poor eye focusing ability and regain clear distance vision.

People with myopia have a variety of options to correct vision problems. A doctor of optometry will help select the treatment that best meets the visual and lifestyle needs of the patient.

Prevention of Myopia

Though there’s no cure for myopia, there are everyday steps you can take that can support your overall eye health. These days, it’s especially important to set limits for your children (and yourself) on activities that lead to eye strain.

Try these sight-saving tips:

  • Limit time on digital devices.
  • Take screen breaks to stretch your eye muscles.
  • Don’t read or work in dim light.
  • Encourage going outdoors.
  • Wear sunglasses outside.
  • Wear protective eye gear for sports/hobbies.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Schedule regular eye exams.
  • Ask your provider about atropine eye drops to slow progression.
  • Ask your provider about dual focus contact lenses to slow progression in kids.

Remember; don’t let your or your child’s eyes get stuck in “near gear” from spending too much time on computers or smartphones. Get outside. Make going to the park a regular family outing. Walk the dog. Get out there and have fun.

Military gun down 22 boko haram while six soldiers were lost in the fight.

Just in,TVC news report, reveals that six soldiers were reportedly killed in a fight between mnjtf and boko haram insurgence.

Oneworld gathered that about 22 boko haram members were killed by the Nigeria n troops during the fight.

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Dyshidrotic eczema is an ongoing (chronic) skin condition. It is also called as pompholyx.

Overview – Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema is an ongoing (chronic) skin condition. It is also called as pompholyx. It causes a burning, itching feeling. Severe dyshidrotic eczema may also cause a blistering rash. It can affect your palms, the sides of your fingers, and the soles of your feet. It’s most common in people in their 20s, 30s, and 40s. But it can happen at any age.

Skin has several layers. The outer layer is the epidermis. Under this is the dermis. The dermis contains blood vessels, nerve endings, hair roots, and sweat glands. With eczema, your skin becomes inflamed. Inflammatory cells of your immune system invade the epidermis. They irritate and destroy some of the tissues there. Eczema is common. It’s also known as atopic dermatitis.

Dyshidrotic eczema is a certain form of this skin inflammation. It can cause mild to severe symptoms. In some cases, symptoms go away in a few weeks with no treatment or just with using hand lotion. More often, it happens over many months or years.

What causes Dyshidrotic Eczema or pompholyx?

It’s not clear exactly what causes pompholyx, but it may be triggered or made worse by:

  • A fungal skin infection – this may be on the hands or at a distant site from the blisters (such as in between the toes) and will need treating
  • A reaction to something that has touched your skin – such as certain metals (particularly nickel), detergents, household chemicals, soap, shampoo, cosmetic products or perfume
  • Stress
  • Sweating – pompholyx is more common in spring and summer, in warmer climates, and in people with excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis)

Risk factors

Women are twice as likely as men to experience dyshidrotic eczema, according to the National Eczema Association. Those aged 20 to 40 are also more likely to have this condition.

Known risk factors for dyshidrotic eczema include:

  • A family history of dyshidrotic eczema
  • A history of certain medical conditions, including atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and hay fever
  • An increase in outdoor temperatures during the spring or summer
  • Periods of severe stress
  • Jobs or hobbies that involve having wet hands or feet for long periods of time

A person receiving intravenous immunoglobulin therapy is also at a greater risk of developing dyshidrotic eczema. This therapy involves injecting specific antibodies into the veins to help a person fight a particular virus or bacteria.

Dyshidrotic Eczema Symptoms

The small, itchy blisters are the most noticeable sign of dyshidrotic eczema. These usually pop up in clusters. You may also have:

  • Itching or a burning pain before blisters appear
  • Blisters on the edges of your fingers, toes, palms, and soles of your feet
  • Red, cracked skin
  • Sweaty skin around the blisters
  • Nails that thicken and change colors

The blisters often go away in 2 to 3 weeks. But the skin underneath can be red and tender for a while.

Dyshidrotic eczema can be mild or severe. If you have a severe case that affects your feet, the blisters can make it hard to walk. Blisters on your hands can make it hard to do things like cook, type, or wash dishes.

Sometimes, the blisters can get infected, especially if you scratch them a lot. Signs that you have an infection include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Crusting
  • Pus in the blisters

Complications

  • Secondary bacterial infection of dyshidrotic eczema vesicles or bullae can result in cellulitis, lymphangitis, and septicemia (rare).
  • Dystrophic nail changes may develop, with the occurrence of transverse ridging, thickening, discoloration, and pitting.
  • Dyshidrotic eczema has no associated mortality, although some severe cases can become debilitating.
  • A 2015 study determined that dyshidrosis is a risk factor in the development of herpes zoster.

How is dyshidrotic eczema diagnosed?

You may be diagnosed by a general healthcare provider or a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a healthcare provider who specializes in skin diseases.

Your healthcare provider will ask about your health history and your symptoms. Tell him or her about contact you’ve had to possible irritants. You will also have a physical exam. Your provider will need to make sure your symptoms aren’t caused by other conditions. These may include allergic contact dermatitis, ringworm, herpes, or a rare autoimmune disease. You may also have tests such as:

  • Skin scraping or biopsy. This is done to check for infection.
  • Patch skin testing. This test looks for allergic causes.
  • Blood tests. These are done to check for an autoimmune cause.

How is dyshidrotic eczema treated?

There are a number of ways that a dermatologist can treat dyshidrotic eczema. The severity of your outbreak and other factors determine which treatments they will suggest. It also may be necessary to try more than one treatment before finding the right one for you.

Medications or medical treatments

For mild outbreaks, medications include corticosteroid cream or ointment that you apply directly to your skin. For more severe outbreaks, you may be prescribed a topical steroid, steroid injection, or pill.

Other medical treatments used are:

  • UV light treatments
  • Draining large blisters
  • Antihistamines
  • Various anti-itch creams
  • Immune-suppressing ointments, such as Protopic and Elidel (this is a rare treatment option)

If your skin becomes infected, then you will also be prescribed antibiotics or other medications to treat the infection.

Over the counter

If you’re having a mild outbreak of dyshidrotic eczema, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines such as Claritin or Benadryl to help decrease your symptoms.

Home treatments

Soaking your hands and feet in cool water or applying wet, cold compresses for 15 minutes at a time, two to four times a day, can help reduce the discomfort associated with itchy skin.

Your doctor may recommend that you apply an ointment or rich moisturizer after you use compresses. A moisturizer may also help with the dryness, and therefore reduce some itching as well.

These moisturizers may include:

  • Petroleum jelly, such as Vaseline
  • Heavy creams, such as Lubriderm or Eucerin
  • Mineral oil
  • Soaking with witch hazel

Diet

Changing your diet may help if medications don’t seem to be keeping up with flare-ups. Since it is believed that a nickel or cobalt allergy can cause eczema, removing foods that contain these may help.

Some have said that adding vitamin A to your diet will help, but be sure to ask your doctor before doing so.

Treatment for feet

Dyshidrosis can also occur on the soles of your feet, although it’s not as common as on your fingers or the palms of your hands. The treatment for your feet is similar to the treatment for other areas.

To avoid making your pain and itching worse, try not to scratch or break your blisters. Although it’s important to wash your hands regularly, you may want to avoid extensive contact with water, such as frequent hand-washing.

You should also avoid using products that can irritate your skin, such as perfumed lotions and dishwashing soap.

Prevention of dyshidrotic eczema

While there is no sure way of preventing an eczema outbreak, a good skincare routine can help to protect the skin from future flare-ups.

Ways to prevent dyshidrotic eczema include:

  • Consistently applying moisturizer soon after getting out of the shower or bath. This can prevent moisture loss and excessive dryness.
  • Wearing soft, loose clothing made of natural fibers, such as cotton. Avoid overly scratchy or non-breathable materials, including wool.
  • Refraining from scratching or itching, as this can break the skin and worsen the condition.
  • Reducing exposure to allergens, such as pet dander and pollen. Washing pets with dander-reducing pet shampoos may reduce allergy-related flare-ups. These shampoos are available online.
  • Using a humidifier, especially when the air is cold and dry. This adds moisture to the air, which protects the skin from drying out. Humidifiers are available to buy online.

Israel will protect itself against the Iranian threat says Isreal foreign Minister, Yair Lapid.

Details reveals that the Jewish state possesses capabilities the world can’t even imagine and will use them against Tehran if necessary, the Israeli foreign minister has warned

Yair Lapid

Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid has made it clear that his country can use force to curb Iran’s nuclear development without informing US President Joe Biden.

Israel will do whatever it needs to do to protect its security. And we don’t need anybody’s permission for that. That’s been the case since the first day we established this state,” Lapid told Israel’s Channel 12 on the last day of 2021.

The foreign minister was asked whether his country has the ability to carry out such an attack. 

Israel has capabilities, some of which the world, and even some experts in the field, cannot even imagine. And Israel will protect itself against the Iranian threat.

Since talks began in 2015 to revive the 2015 nuclear agreement (JCPOA), between Tehran and the world powers, Israeli military officials have been considering a strike against Iran.


Tehran expressed doubt over Israel’s warnings and called them skeptical. empty threats, However, they promise a tough response to aggression. 


In return for lifting international sanctions, Iran was required to reduce its nuclear program under the JCPOA.

Donald Trump (ex-president) unliterary withdrew USA from the JCPOA 2018 calling it the worst deal ever.

While the Jewish state echoed his views, it strongly opposed the deal which, according to them, did not stop Iran from getting a nuclear weapon.

Lapid stated that there have not been any asynchronies in his Friday interview. capitulation During the Vienna talks, Tehran. Israel is not against a good deal, it is only against the wrong deal, He concluded.

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