Cushing’s syndrome is a debilitating endocrine disorder characterized by excessive cortisol levels in the blood.

Definition Cushing’s syndrome is a debilitating endocrine disorder characterized by excessive cortisol levels in the blood which may be the result of a tumor of the pituitary gland, adrenal glands (located above the kidneys) or from tumors or cancer arising elsewhere in the body (ectopic ACTH producing tumors). Cushings disease also refers to excessive ACTH secretion by a pituitary tumor (also called pituitary adenoma). Below figure describes the feedback system of cortisol. The HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis) Background of cushing’s syndrome In 1932 American neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing described the clinical findings that provided the link between specific physical characteristics (e.g., abnormal … Continue reading Cushing’s syndrome is a debilitating endocrine disorder characterized by excessive cortisol levels in the blood.

Constipation is the infrequent and difficult passage of stool.

Definition Constipation is the infrequent and difficult passage of stool. The stool may be too hard, infrequent, small or difficult to expel. In some people, constipation is sudden and often a manifestation of another abdominal problem, such as a bowel obstruction. The incidence of constipation increases with age and is most common after 60. A change in bowel habit (without a change in diet) is a significant symptom which should be brought to the attention of your doctor. Constipation Types of Constipation Acute constipation: Acute constipation as the name suggests comes on abruptly and may end up being severe enough to … Continue reading Constipation is the infrequent and difficult passage of stool.

Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome is a rare genetic condition that typically affects the heart (cardio).

Definition Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome is a rare genetic condition that typically affects the heart (cardio-), facial features (facio-) and skin (cutaneous). It is seen with equal frequency in males and females and across all ethnic groups. Children with CFC syndrome may have certain features that suggest the diagnosis, such as relatively large head size, down-slanting eyes, sparse eyebrows, curly hair, areas of thickened or scaly skin, and short stature.   Most will also have a heart defect. While there is a wide spectrum of severity in CFC syndrome, most individuals will have some degree of learning difficulty and developmental delay. Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome … Continue reading Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome is a rare genetic condition that typically affects the heart (cardio).

Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which blood or fluids fill the space.

Overview Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which blood or fluids fill the space between the sac that encases the heart and the heart muscle. This places extreme pressure on your heart. The pressure prevents the heart’s ventricles from expanding fully and keeps your heart from functioning properly. Your heart can’t pump enough blood to the rest of your body when this happens. This can lead to organ failure, shock, and even death. Pathophysiology Cardiac tamponade occurs when increased pressure within the pericardial sac, caused by the excess fluid, becomes sufficient to restrict the filling of the heart … Continue reading Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which blood or fluids fill the space.

Campylobacteriosis is caused by a bacteria called Campylobacter jejuni, which is found worldwide in the intestinal tracts of animals.

What is campylobacteriosis? Campylobacteriosis is caused by a bacteria called Campylobacter jejuni, which is found worldwide in the intestinal tracts of animals. The bacteria are spiral-shaped and can cause disease in animals and humans. Most cases of campylobacteriosis are associated with handling or eating raw or undercooked poultry meat. Campylobacteriosis causes gastrointestinal symptoms, such as diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever in domestic animals and humans, Young animals and humans are the most severely affected Transmission of campylobacteriosis Campylobacter bacteria live in the intestines of many animals including chickens, cows, pigs, sheep, dogs, cats and infected humans, and are shed through … Continue reading Campylobacteriosis is caused by a bacteria called Campylobacter jejuni, which is found worldwide in the intestinal tracts of animals.

Capgras syndrome is a psychological condition that is characterized by a belief that a particular person has been replaced by an imposter.

Definition Capgras syndrome is a psychological condition that is characterized by a belief that a particular person has been replaced by an imposter. This bizarre belief may lead one to acrimoniously accuse a friend or spouse of being “a fake” or an “imposter” of the actual person. As you can imagine, capgras syndrome causes great discord and anxiety in the lives of not only the person suffering from it but also from the person being accused as well. This syndrome is sometimes called the “imposter syndrome” or “capgras delusion”. There is really no limit to what someone with this syndrome … Continue reading Capgras syndrome is a psychological condition that is characterized by a belief that a particular person has been replaced by an imposter.

Beriberi is a syndrome characterized by a group of symptoms exhibited by people who are deficient in Vitamin B1.

What is Beriberi? Beriberi is a syndrome characterized by a group of symptoms exhibited by people who are deficient in Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine. Therefore, it usually afflicts malnourished individuals’ particularly in underdeveloped countries. Two kinds of beriberi are well known. Wet beriberi leads to cardiovascular dysfunction while dry beriberi results in necrosis and wearing down of the nervous system. If left untreated, it may cause cardiac failure, necrosis of nerves, or Wernicke’s Korsakoff syndrome. Types of Beriberi There are mainly three types of Beriberi: Wet Beriberi which affects the heart of a person as it involves the cardiovascular … Continue reading Beriberi is a syndrome characterized by a group of symptoms exhibited by people who are deficient in Vitamin B1.

Daniel Bwala said VP Osinbanjo won’t be contesting for president next year.

Following a recent interview with channel TV it was learnt that a chieftain of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Daniel Bwala has disclosed that Vice President Yemi Osinbajo would not contest for the presidency in 2023. Bwala explained that it would be injurious for Osinbajo to run for the Presidency since Bola Tinubu, APC National Leader had signified interest. Reports had it on Monday that Osinbajo would declare his interest to run for the Presidency after the ruling party’s National Convention scheduled for February 26, 2021. But, Osinbajo’s spokesman, Laolu Akande, dismissed such claims, which he described as false and … Continue reading Daniel Bwala said VP Osinbanjo won’t be contesting for president next year.

FG cannot prosecute IPOB leader Nnamdi Kanu until they convince Nigeria court how he was extradited to Nigeria from Kenya says Aloy Ejimakor.

Aloy Ejimakor, Special Counsel to detained leader of Indigenous People of Biafra, IPOB, Nnamdi Kanu, , yesterday, said the federal government cannot prosecute the leader of  IPOB until it convinces the Nigerian courts and Britain that he was legally extradited to Nigeria. He said both Nigerian law  and international charters to which Nigeria is a signatory, forbids kidnapping of persons by the government. He said in the case of Nnamdi Kanu, the Nigerian government has not disputed Nnamdi Kanu’s claim that he was abducted in Kenya, tortured and brought to Nigeria in chains. According to Ejimakor, Nigeria must first explain … Continue reading FG cannot prosecute IPOB leader Nnamdi Kanu until they convince Nigeria court how he was extradited to Nigeria from Kenya says Aloy Ejimakor.