Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body’s ability to convert galactose.

Definition Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body’s ability to convert galactose (a sugar contained in milk, including human mother’s milk) to glucose (a different type of sugar). The disorder is caused by a … Continue reading Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body’s ability to convert galactose.

Granuloma inguinale or Donovanosis is a genital ulcerative disease caused by the intracellular gram-negative bacterium Klebsiella granulomatis.

Description Granuloma inguinale or Donovanosis is a genital ulcerative disease caused by the intracellular gram-negative bacterium Klebsiella granulomatis (formerly known as Calymmatobacterium granulomatis). The disease occurs rarely in the United States, although it is endemic in some tropical and developing … Continue reading Granuloma inguinale or Donovanosis is a genital ulcerative disease caused by the intracellular gram-negative bacterium Klebsiella granulomatis.

Bladder cancer begins when healthy cells in the bladder lining, most commonly urothelial cells.

Introduction Bladder cancer begins when healthy cells in the bladder lining, most commonly urothelial cells, change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning … Continue reading Bladder cancer begins when healthy cells in the bladder lining, most commonly urothelial cells.

Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy.

Definition Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy and activity levels that can make day-to-day living difficult. Previously known as manic depression, it is a serious mental illness that, if left untreated, … Continue reading Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy.

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones.

Definition Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton … Continue reading Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones.